When I was preparing an article on how to make a terrarium with plants, the same florarium, and I could not imagine that the trend would last so long. Yes, the miniature “ecosystem” looks spectacular, and you can implement many interesting ideas in it. But such conditions are not suitable for succulents.
Having bought several plants in a flower store, a novice may come to the conclusion that, in fact, the care for them should not differ – they stood on the same shelf, under the same lighting, planted in the same substrate. This is not the case. Thanks to the chemistry, which grows flowers for commercial purposes, they are able to some time (time of implementation) to bear the wrong conditions, but still the cactus will not become algae, and fittonia – ascetic desert.
Why do cactuses and succulents die in florariums?
I am sad to observe the popularity of sites and groups in social networks that sell florariums with succulents. These compositions are beautiful, but alas, they are short-lived. Plants, which for centuries live in a dry climate and grow powerful roots in a fast drying ground, are forced to acidify in a limited space. Even if the container has a wide opening at the top, this is still not enough to provide optimal air movement for them.
There is nowhere to go after watering, because it will evaporate more slowly and there is no drainage hole in the florarium. “Why not water less?” – you ask. Because there is no exact dosage and there is no way. The need for water depends on the size of the above-ground part of the plant and the root system, the lighting and temperature, the growth phase. If the senpoles growing at waterfalls are able to cope with excess moisture within reasonable limits, then the slow metabolism of cacti and succulents will not help – stagnation of water for them is destructive.
Lighting is another problem. If you put the florarium on the window and water, there is a great risk that the roots will overheat and weld. Therefore, the best place for it is not under direct rays. But succulents with lack of light quickly begin to stretch. Just for this reason, imitating natural cycles, in autumn, with the reduction of light day collectors send them to hibernation: gradually stop watering and reduce the temperature to 13-15 degrees, depending on the composition of the collection and possibilities. This is only a temporary measure and is necessary for plants to recover before the new season. As you understand, this is not about permanent maintenance in the florarium.
Few people think about the fate of plants before they get to the counter. Well, they grew them somewhere – you don’t need to know anymore. Florarium with succulents is no different from other goods – it is made for sale, so at this moment it should look attractive. Like flower bouquets, they are collected immediately before sale, as evidenced, for example, the lack of green patches between the ground and the walls – in the transparent dishes, it appears quite quickly. This means that the seller has no time to make sure that the composition is not viable – this is the buyer’s problem.
One more thing is substrate components. Buying land marked “for cacti” is not what they grow in nature. It is peat with a relatively suitable pH. It is not suitable for succulents, but in the stuffy florarium high organic content will only accelerate rotting. Collectors recommend using leafy soil, but it is not for sale. It should be collected in the park or garden, where fallen leaves rot in winter, and must be sterilized in the oven or microwave oven. In addition to the leafy land should use sand and preferably add a chipped brick. Will this be done by the seller on the flow, which has other plants in stock?
So, when asked about the care of a florarium with succulents, I have only one answer: no. Put the succulents in normal conditions, and use the empty container for suitable plants.