Succulents are members of different families with some similar characteristics, the ability to store moisture and to withstand prolonged droughts. Originally, they were grown as homemade flowers, but not so long ago, some of them began to occur among dacha and garden plants.
And although succulents in the garden – a relatively new phenomenon, gardeners have already managed to assess the beauty of these amazing plants, their versatility and pretentiousness. They perfectly fit into various landscape solutions, suitable for creating mountaineering, hedges and other, even the most bizarre, compositions.
Types of succulents for growing in the open field
Not all reserve flora representatives are suitable for the conditions existing in the domestic garden plots. Plants must meet the basic requirement – to survive a significant drop in air temperature, up to minus rates. And although most succulents like heat, some of them are resistant even to frost.
In the southern regions of Russia and the middle belt, these flowers can even winter in the ground. In the northern areas, they need shelter and greenhouse conditions, as during the snowy harsh winters such planting will die.
Choosing pets for the garden, you can pay attention to the following representatives:
Not without reason, earlier this flower from the family of fatty called zhivchikoy, and the scientific name of the family is translated as “always alive. Molodilo is very unpretentious, resistant to various climatic changes and deprivations.
Some varieties of this succulent flower are called hare cabbage or stone rose. As with peelings, its leaves form dense buds, which look like large garden roses. Its leaves are fleshy and dark green. The plant blooms annually, with pink flowers – stars or bells.
These succulents have a high decorative value, are very valuable in floriculture and horticulture, and the abundance of varieties allows you to choose the most suitable plants, including for the creation of spectacular compositions. The most common are the following types of young plants:
Roofing – socket diameter 12-15 cm, the color of leaves is most often dark green, but there are varieties with reddish, yellow and even brown leaves. The duration of flowering – 1.5 months.
Spider (spider web) – in nature grows in the form of turf. It has inversely lanceolate leaves of red or green color with reddish tops, which have white hairs that form a plaque like a spider web.
Marble – grows in the form of compact rosettes formed from pale green or red leaves with red tips. Blossoms in pink flowers.
Molodilo feels good in a sandy, loose soil, with quality drainage. The plant does not need frequent irrigation, in warm weather enough 2-3 treatments per month. It reproduces through daughter sockets, which are formed in the sinuses of the mother.
This flowering, perennial succulent from the fat family is an excellent option for decorating a garden or an adjacent area. Some varieties of peeling form thick flowing coverings, while others grow in the form of shrubs. But, regardless of the species they are able to conquer new spaces and when growing them on the site, this feature is important to consider.
As a garden planting suitable for the following varieties of succulent:
Hybrid – resistant to drought and frost, forms a low dense carpet. Flowering occurs in August – September, yellow flowers appear on the plant.
Poisonous – Purification – sedum, whose juice is poisonous, but despite this, it is in demand in floriculture. It consists of numerous elevated stems densely covered with small thick leaves. Unlike other species, it does not suffer from the oppression of weeds, so emits caustic substances that destroy it.
Ordinary is a widespread succulent plant, found almost throughout Eurasia. It is most often referred to as hare cabbage or squeaky. Ordinary stems have annual stems that die off in winter. In spring, the plant recovers, growing from buds formed on the rhizome.
Eyeglasses are undemanding, like light, but can grow in the shade, resistant to prolonged drought.
Among succulents the family of dairy is the most numerous and includes about 2 thousand species. But, of course, only some of them are used in horticulture, the following species of euphorbia are more common:
Almond-shaped (almond) – this bright succulent is common throughout the European territory. During flowering, it forms bright salad inflorescences, which sway from the slightest breeze. It is possible to grow in street conditions only in the south of Russia, as in frost of -12 degrees this succulent dies.
Caparisovy is a highly decorative type of euphorbia, which is provided by needle leaves, which densely cover the stems. During flowering, the shrub takes the form of a fluffy, fragrant ball. Blossoms twice a year – in spring and in August. Frosts up to -20 degrees is resistant.
Head – this stunted succulent small, but removed. Forming a dense carpet, it is able to displace the “neighboring” cultures, so it is necessary to limit its space already during the planting.
Milk can grow under the sun, as well as in the shade, but draughts and sharp temperature changes are not very good. If the original green stems and succulent leaves are yellow, it is most likely a sign of lack of light. It is recommended to cover large plants for the winter period with stubble or artificial material.
This is an exotic succulent from the Montievie family, which comes from North America. There are 2 groups of levises: some of them have evergreen leaves, while others have all the above-ground part of the plant that dies out in winter.
Evergreen species have higher ornamental properties, but they are critical for overwetting and often rot when there is excess water. Plants from the second group are inferior to them in beauty, but they are easier to care for and maintain.
Levies are best suited for mountaineering. Without drainage material, they rip out because of excess moisture in the ground, and if you plant them next to stronger and more developed flowers, they will crush the “modest” neighbors. When growing in favorable conditions, these succulents can delight the gardener for decades.
The most popular species of levisite in floriculture are:
Levesia dull – colorful, but less resilient representative of the genus. Its leaves with wavy edges form large rosettes, and during flowering, it has high pedicels with delicate, silky flowers.
Levisia Pygmy (dwarf) – a low, unpretentious flower, with narrow, almost round on a cross section, leaves. Small flowers form a cute umbrella inflorescences.
Levisia Nevada – because of the elongated narrow leaves and compact size, this guest from the south of the United States resembles the previous view. Blossoms from late spring to late summer, releasing low flower-breeds with small white flowers. By the way, they blossom only if it is warm, sunny weather.
The most suitable place for the levies are the eastern or western slopes of the slides. The evergreen varieties of rosette feel perfectly well in the clefts between the stones, being located under the slope, which will eliminate the possibility of water accumulation. The succulents that form the coats can be identified by a scree or an area with a flat surface.
This small African semi-shrubby succulent from the Aiz family has fleshy leaves and stems. During flowering, a large number of buds appear on it.
There are more than a hundred species in the homeland, but only some of them are frost-resistant and can grow in less comfortable climatic conditions.
Common representatives of the species, suitable for a garden, is considered to be the Cooper’s case, cloudy, abundantly blooming, twisted.
Most succulents from hot Africa do not get accustomed to the northern latitudes and the deSperm is not an exception.
With the help of this plant, you can ennoble the area using soil-covering species. They are spread on beds or other surfaces in the form of a bright carpet. As well as these flowers are suitable for the organization of alpine slides, stony gardens, ampella compositions.
Such unusual succulents from South Africa are rarely used in domestic landscape design, however, they deserve attention. In the miniature plant, leaves are covered with dew-like crystal papillae, for which it was nicknamed “crystal chamomile”. But also the deuterantus amazes with bright flowers, covered with flowers that resemble large daisies or daisies. The diameter of one flower can reach 4.5-5 cm.
It successfully fits into the landscape in the form of edges and fences, suitable for the organization of mountaineering and rockery.
These are not all succulents that are successfully grown in the open ground. And although they are quite diverse, their conditions and care have some similarities.
Features of growing succulents in the garden
Besides open ground, these plants can also be grown in separate containers or containers. The most hardy succulent flowers are purification and rejuvenation. If you take care of a good shelter – stencil, spunbond or other high-quality material, they survive even after serious frosts.
Location and lighting
Succulents are light-loving, however, many of them can’t bear the scorching sun that leaves burns on their leaves. But even in the shade can not grow them, without enough light leaves and stems of flowers dry up, they themselves yellow and deform.
The soil should be loose, light, nutritious and not water trapping. Drainage layer is mandatory.
Watering and fodder
A frequent death of succulent vegetation, both domestic and garden, is the overflow of soil. Such flowers can easily be in a dry substrate, and with an excess of moisture rotten. To prevent this, you should adhere to the regime of irrigation and make moisture only if the drought is too long and in the ground there are cracks.
Diseases and pests
If the leaves and stems of the plant have lost turgor, and there were stains on their surface, these are true signs of ill health green pet. Most often they get sick because of excess moisture in these conditions, flowers can affect rot, bacteriosis, mold fungi and parasitic insects – thrips, spider mites, worms, aphids.
Plants can be rid of pathogenic fungi by fungicidal preparations containing copper and other active substances. There is no treatment against viruses and bacteria, if they affect the vegetation on a large area, a transplant is required.
Succulents suitable for growing in the garden are becoming more and more popular. Rarely have plants that combine so many positive qualities – versatility, spectacular appearance, unpretentiousness and originality. And if you plan to design a garden, country house or adjacent territory, you should take a look at these unusual representatives.