Hoya is wrapped in a rainforest liana, which is excellent for growing as a room flower. It is an undemanding and capricious plant, capable of blooming even when kept indoors. For this flower grower it is enough to provide the liana with minimal care and slightly correct the microclimate.
Hoya is a kind of evergreen tropical vegetation, which consists of vines and bushes. It refers to the subfamily Lastovnye, Kutra family and the natural habitat of the genus is the territory of South and Southeast Asia, the western coastal zone of Australia and Polynesia.
The scientific name of the genus is associated with the English gardener Thomas Hoy, who worked in the conservatories of the Duke of Northumberland, where he grew a variety of vegetation, and above all, tropical. After him, he was named.
A typical specimen of Hoya was found on Butung Island, located near the southeastern part of Sulawesi (Indonesia). This liana is also found in the flora of Indonesia (Sulawesi), India, Thailand and Fiji.
Obovata is a liana that has curly escapes and is growing rapidly:
It has thick, fleshy leaves, rounded shape with no visible veins.
The color of the leaf plates is rich green, with light specks chaotically arranged against the main background. There is a form of khoyiya wrapped – splash, whose leaves are abundantly covered with splash splashes, and variegata – the center of the plate is much lighter.
The diameter of the leaf – 6-8 cm.
With abundant light ovate blossoms luxuriously, it has umbrellas consisting of 2-3 dozens of flowers-stars. They are fluffy, softly pink, with a dark crown in the center – pink or dark pink.
The main time of flowering – the end of spring.
Like other hoias, woven has a large amount of nectar, but it is not dark, but colorless.
Flowers are fragrant, their aroma is sweet, honey, with a slight echo of a fresh cut of radish. The smell is noticeably enhanced by night. Liana is unpretentious, however, one should not forget about her exotic origins and climate preferences. The owner should take care of the following aspects:
Suitable soil mix
The substrate must be light, nutritious, and able to transmit water and air well. You can buy it in a flower store or cook it with your own hands by mixing the following products:
1 piece of turf.
1 part of the leafy land.
4 parts of peat.
1 part of sand.
1 part of the peat.
At the bottom of the pot must be placed drainage material – sand with expanded clay, clay shards, brick chips, vermiculite, agroperlite. In extreme cases, you can use pieces of foam for these purposes. Drainage will not allow moisture to stagnate at the root system of the flower and exclude the possibility of its rotting.
Hoya is wrapped in a thermophilic plant, which is badly tolerated by drafts and sharp temperature changes. In summer, the optimal figure should vary in the range of +18 – +25 degrees, in the heat recommended to spray the flower regularly.
In autumn and winter, wrapped around prefers to relax in coolness. So, starting from autumn, the temperature should be gradually reduced to a stable level of +12 to +15 degrees. You should not allow its decline to +10 degrees, for oovat such a cold is destructive.
All the hoias need moisture constantly, regardless of the season. You can follow the following recommendations:
Water watered when the top layer of the soil mixture dries.
In the warm season, water is applied regularly, but gradually, as well as once a day spray the leaves of the liana.
Weekly it is recommended to wipe the leaves of khoja with a soft, damp cloth tissue.
Water is used cleaned or flowing, room temperature. If it is hard, it is desirable to soften it by adding moss sphagnum, charcoal or activated carbon.
Light is necessary, but it is desirable that it be diffuse. If the liana is located in the south window, it should be shaded in summer, protecting it from direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves may lose their brightness, be covered with burns or brown pigmentation.
Liana whips are too long and should be cut. This should be done with a disinfected tool. The best time for the procedure is March. And since wrapped – a fast-growing flower, then cut the shoots and pinch new shoots annually.
How and what to feed the ovate?
They fertilize a flower during the active vegetation, when it grows and blooms – from early spring to late summer. It is enough to feed it 2 times a month.
Several seedlings can be planted in one container and they form a thick, beautiful shrub. For long stems, additional support is required so that the root system is not damaged under the weight of the heavy aboveground part of the plant.
How do they reproduce the hojayah at home?
There are several methods to reproduce the tropical liana at home, and each of them has its advantages as well as disadvantages.
This method of floriculturists to grow indoor khoiya uovaty usually do not use. It is used in the greenhouse cultivation of lianas, where suitable for sowing a wet microclimate. The process of sowing is as follows:
Seeds are dried in the air.
Bags or some artificial fibers are added to the soil.
Within a week and a half the seeds germinate.
Keep the seedlings warm, providing additional lighting and regular irrigation of the soil. They grow for 12 weeks, and when there are several leaves or can be transplanted into pots. The seeds retain their germinating power during the year.
Rooting of the leaf
It is possible to grow a wrap with this method, but the efficiency of the method is very low. It is time consuming and suitable only for mother’s natural varieties. The process is carried out according to the following algorithm:
The cut of the broken off leaf together with the leafstalk needs to be treated with a solution of the rooting agent.
It is deepened into a light soil mixture at an angle of 45 degrees.
Planting requires abundant lighting and stable air temperature – from +20 to +23 degrees.
Diseases and pests are ovaded
The liana is most afraid of water stagnation and overwetting of the ground. These content disturbances can lead to root and stem rot. Especially vulnerable flower during the winter holidays, excess moisture in the cold can severely damage it.
To prevent the fungus and other infections, it is recommended to periodically treat the soil and leaves with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. In summer you can bathe under the jets of warm shower, and then remove excess moisture.
Hoya ovat may be affected by shields, spider mites, whiteflies or aphids. They are removed by hand, the leaves are treated with soap solution or diluted alcohol. In case of strong damage, it is necessary to use insecticides.
Hoya is a real tropical beauty, which can not leave anyone indifferent, especially during flowering. And if you provide the pet with minimal care, it will certainly delight the owner with an abundance of voluminous flowers, consisting of snow-white, fragrant stars.