Succulents from the Latin succulents are “very juicy”, they are ideal for those who forget to water their plants or do not have much time to care for them.
They are relatively easy to care for and require little water because they can hold a lot of water inside.
This ability allows them to survive in hot climates and to do without water for a long time.
Succulents love low humidity and warm conditions.
One of the most famous representatives of this family is cactus, aloe.
Not all succulents are suitable for growing at home, the most suitable are those in green color.
Care for succulents
The pot should be such that no water would gather around the roots of the plant.
From excess moisture, the roots of the plant will begin to rot and the whole plant will hurt.
The pots should have drainage holes to ensure a good air flow allowing the soil to dry easily.
The best pot for these plants is the clay pot which is not covered with glaze.
If you have a plastic pot, you will need to make additional holes on the sides or below to remove excess moisture.
Most of the time the temperature in our houses is suitable for growing succulents.
They can withstand the summer heat and the freshness of winter.
In winter they can tolerate temperatures from 5 to 10 ° C.
Some succulents have low temperatures that stimulate flowering that occurs in spring or summer.
Humidity above 60% means that the need for irrigation becomes minimal and the risk of rotting increases greatly.
Excessive irrigation for these plants can be devastating and this is one of the most common mistakes that are made in the maintenance.
When watering should not wet the leaves, you should water the substrate and should water when the soil is already dry.
If you want to wipe the plant, you can spray the leaves with water, but they must be wiped immediately with a rag.
In winter, it is recommended to water them once every 14 days.
In summer, one watering in 7 days will be enough.
These plants are able to absorb moisture from the environment and keep it in their leaves, stems and roots.
Using this ability, succulents can be used in an original way to decorate the interior, such as hanging in the air almost without substrate.
Succulents need a lot of light, at least 6 hours, but they do not need to be placed in direct sunlight, especially in summer, because they need to keep the water supply as long as possible, and the sun will start dehydration.
If the leaves begin to blush and brown, it means that the plant suffers from excessive sunlight and begins to dry out.
If the leaves turn pale, it means that there is no photosynthesis process and the plant needs more light.
Another sign that it doesn’t have enough light is that the leaves begin to stretch out and reach for the sun.
Soil and Drainage
This type of plant grows on trees and stony areas, so there is no need to use land rich in minerals.
The substrate best leads to the natural conditions in which this plant grows, which are desert and semi-arid areas.
Succulents need good drainage to prevent swamping due to excessive water; gravel can be used as drainage.
If the succulent turns out to be in a swampy environment, parts of the plant will become soft and eventually die.
Do not place the saucer under the pot so that the plant does not absorb any extra water, and if it does, drain the water from it so that it does not stagnate.
You can prepare the substrate yourself, here are two recipes:
1 part of soil, 1 part of sand and 1 part of moss.
Mix equal parts of universal substrate and sand.
The soil in which the plants will be located should not have roots from other plants and it should be loose.
Succulents are transplanted to stimulate their growth, to refresh the substrate, to cut off dead and rotten roots.
When transplanting the pot it is desirable to take a little more than the previous one so that the plant can grow.
It is important that there are holes in the bottom so that the water can drain off.
Pests and diseases
Root rot and stem rot caused by various fungi are the most common diseases.
To prevent them, make sure that the soil is dry and well ventilated.
If the plant is kept in good conditions, the pests are unlikely to bother it.
If the soil is too wet, mosquitoes will start to gather near this plant.
So to prevent mosquitoes from harming your succulent plant, just keep the soil dry and ensure good drainage.
The other pest is a cotton powdery bug.
To get rid of this insect, apply alcohol to the plant, but the plant should not be under direct sunlight.
How to take care of succulents in winter
Succulents are very thermophilic plants and they have a bad tolerance for cold air and frost.
Therefore, in the winter months they need to be removed from the draught, place them where they receive a lot of natural light through the window.