A terrarium is a glass or plastic container for keeping amphibians and reptiles at home. In it the owner can create comfortable conditions for a certain kind of animals.
Terrariums always create the conditions necessary for a particular type of animal. For some snakes, spiders and turtles, terrariums are filled with water to create a comfortable environment with high humidity. For others, desert type terrariums with sand at the bottom are suitable.
What kind of terrariums are
All terrariums are divided into horizontal and vertical. Horizontal designed for terrestrial species, such as some lizards, royal pythons, varanas, scorpions. Vertical – for climbing or high jumping species such as wood snakes, geckos, wood spiders, tarantulas, frogs.
For pets who spend most of their lives in water, they need water terrariums. They are similar to aquariums with a small sushi pad, where a pet can warm up under the light of a lamp.
The aquaterrariums are designed for wetland animals and plants, which need a ratio of land to water 2 to 1. They can have several tiers, at the bottom amphibian swims, on the middle level is a house, and on the upper tier – the zone with a lamp.
Faunariums are used for temporary keeping of animals or their transportation. They are compact, lightweight and have a handle for carrying.
Terrariums incubators are needed for temporary accommodation of sick or pregnant animals, as well as for acclimatization of new pets and raising offspring separately from adults.
Many models of terrariums have sliding or swinging doors: they are more convenient to take care of your pet.
Another type of terrariums – ant farms, or formations. They are special containers filled with gel, sand or other filler. A good ants farm should be spacious enough, equipped with ventilation and a drinker. Not a good option – gel farms. They are not designed for permanent maintenance of ants.
What size to choose for a terrarium
Each species of amphibian and reptile has its own size requirements for the terrarium. In a tight terrarium, animals will compete with each other, which can lead to the illness or death of one of them. The size of the home may directly affect the size of the animal itself. For example, giant achatina snails stop growing if their home is small.
You should choose the volume and size strictly for the animal. In all cases, a comfortable volume will be large. For example, for land turtles will need a terrarium volume of at least 100 liters per turtle, for the royal python – 243 liters. In this case, the volume is not the main indicator. Vertical and horizontal terrariums may be the same volume, but do not fit the animal in size in height or width.
In order to choose the right size for your terrarium, you must first find out what size the animal you are going to keep in that terrarium needs.
What are terrariums made of
Terrariums are made of glass, plexiglass or impact-resistant plastic. Glass – a durable material that resists scratches, but can break if handled carelessly.
Terrariums made of plexiglass and plastic have curved shape, they are more difficult to break, but over time the surface of the material can be covered with scratches and turbidity.
Most terrariums have a mesh cover, which provides ventilation. There are also completely mesh terrariums, designed for animals sensitive to the level of ventilation. This includes, for example, chameleon.
What additional accessories are needed for the terrarium
Each type of animal that lives in the terrarium has its own requirements for conditions. All daytime animals need a daylight lamp. Heating lamps are needed for turtles and other amphibians. Desert lizards and many other species need bottom heating – thermal cords and thermal mats.
A thermometer is needed to monitor the temperature inside the tank. Almost all kinds of animals that can be kept in the terrarium are particularly demanding. You will need a hygrometer to measure the humidity level – with it you can create comfortable conditions in the terrarium.