Succulents (Latin for succulents, which means “juicy”) are plants whose characteristic feature is the ability to store water by using special fabrics. Succulents grow mainly in countries with arid climate.
Plants for beginner flower growers
Due to its properties that provide water reserves, plants can survive under conditions of insufficient moisture, as well as under prolonged exposure to UV rays. Therefore, this plant is so popular among flower growers. Succulents do not require tremulous and careful care, as well as extensive experience in breeding. With the cultivation of this plant can cope, even a beginner gardener.
Succulents are quite common and popular plant in the world. There are about 800 varieties of this plant. However, noted the most popular among gardeners, such as:
Cactuses: favorite plant of gardeners in many countries of the world. A distinctive feature of this plant is its unpretentiousness to care. Also, the curative properties are present in cacti. It has long been known that cactuses can absorb toxins and radiation, without affecting their vital functions. This factor is one of the main reasons for the popularity of the plant; Read more about popular types of cactuses.
Aloe: Aloe plant is known to everyone thanks to its components, from which many products in the cosmetic industry are created; Read more about popular home species of Aloe.
Kalanhoe: This plant is often used for medicinal purposes, many species are famous for their colorful flowering. Read more about popular home species Kalanhoe
Varieties of succulents by process of moisture accumulation
It should be noted that all succulents are divided into two main groups, which differ in the process of moisture accumulation.
Succulents are leafy: moisture in this species accumulates in thick leaves, which have in their structure a unique waxy shell that allows them to accumulate liquid and retain it for a significant period of time.
Stem succulents: The difference from the leafy species is that the accumulation of fluid occurs in the stem. Thanks to the root system, which preserves moisture on the ground surface, it is possible to keep liquid in the stem of the plant.
Plants of succulents, which belong to the stem species, have the ability to accumulate and store moisture in the thickened part of the stem. Leaves are usually small in size and prickly. If we talk about succulents related to the leaf variety, moisture is accumulated through the leaf, which has a fleshy and thick structure.
It is noted that the succulents, regardless of the variety, easily adapt in the following conditions:
Small amount of moisture and precipitation;
Unbalanced fluid distribution;
In case of a high level of radiation background;
Influence of ultraviolet radiation;
Perfectly adaptable when dry in the air;
Influence of temperature fluctuations;
Influence of clayey or stony soil.
Succulent plants, regardless of species, are distributed to many families. However, in horticulture recognizes the main families, such as:
Family of cactuses (Astrophitum, Prickly Pear, Mammillaria);
The family of swallowtails (Caralluma, Stypelia, Guernia);
Asphodel family (Aloe, Gasteria, Havortia);
Fat family (Kalanhoe, Ochitok, Krassula);
The family of dairy (Poinsettiya, Codyium, Pedilantus);
Aisoo family (Lithops, Konofitum, Phenestria).
Popular domestic succulents (Lithops, Conofitum, Fenestria)
There are about 170 species of this plant in nature. Also at home grow hybrids of Echiveria – this is Pahiveria and Graftowerower. It has smooth, juicy leaves with a whitish, grayish or bluish coating. There are also species with velvet leaves (Echiveria is white-washed). Externally, it has the resemblance to Molodilo, but unlike it badly endures the cold. Common domestic species: Agave-shaped, Below-haired, Shiny, Gorbatotsvetkovaya, Derenberg, Multistem.
Molodilo (Sempervivum) – Rock rose, hare cabbage
In natural conditions, there are more than forty species of this plant. There are a variety of colors and shapes of leaves. This species is grown both at home and in the garden. When growing together, different species are capable of mutual dispersal, so you get unusual hybrids of this plant. Homes are most often grown: roofing, progeny, spiderweb, Russian youth.
It has dark green fleshy leaves, sometimes with convex white growths. Sprouts a small bush. Blossoms unsightly white flowers. There are varieties such as: hard leafy (pearly, pulled back, Reinvardta), herbaceous (spider’s web, mesh, grassy) and window (rook-shaped, blunted, stumped). Species are most often grown at home: Cooper, striped, pulled back, curved, rook-shaped, sticky, retouching and others.
Aloe ostyste (Aloe aristata)
This species is often confused with Havortia, because of its external similarity. This plant has thick arched leaves, with a rough surface and white patches. At the end of the leaf has a characteristic white thread. Flowering, usually in late spring with red and orange tubular flowers, collected in a brush (Havortia has white flowers).
Decorative flowering view. Has smooth deep green round-shaped leaves with dissected edges. In flower stores there is a variety of colors of inflorescences. Hybrid species with stuffed and terry whisk are also sold (Kalanhoe Kalandiva).
It looks like a cactus, but is a succulent. It does not have thorns. The surface is soft, as if velvet. Stems are trihedral with jagged edges. Blossom unusual large bright colors – stars, bard, yellow or spotted color, for which I fell in love with florists. It is not whimsical in care. Popular home species – Stupelia motley, large flower, star-shaped, glandular flower.
Succulent with fleshy linguid leaves. Most often has a motley color. Sheets are covered with white patina in the form of spots or stripes. People call it the language of a lawyer. Blossoms with small bells. Popular home species – gastery bearded, keeled, spotted.
It is not whimsical in care, but requires good lighting throughout the year, as the home of the plant is Mexico. Leaves are assembled in dense sockets and some have thorns at the ends. Blossoms are rare, once in 15-30 years. After that, the plant may die. Loves the heat, under suitable conditions it reaches a large size. Popular domestic species – Agave American, Queen Victoria, blue, King Ferdinand, thready, pulled away.
Plants of ampelle succulents, as a rule, have a rich accumulation of leaves. Branches grow and bend down to the ground. Usually they use hanging pots for growing. Representatives of this species are unpretentious, but require more attention and care than other succulents.
There are basic requirements for the care of ampelle succulents
The balance of light: Ampel succulents do not like high concentrations of sunlight, so it is recommended to shade them and avoid direct sunlight. However, you should consider that the farther from the light you put the plant, the pale the picture on the leaves will be.
Excessive moisture: The plant does not like excessive moisture, it can be harmful. Therefore, it is necessary to provide a good drainage system, and to keep a moderate watering regime.
Spraying the leaves of the plant
Inexperienced amateurs of ampelle succulents, should know that from the period of flowering bud, the plant needs maximum peace. All fertilisers are excluded. For effective and timely growth and flowering, you need to carefully monitor the location of each side of the flower relative to sunlight. Balancing the reception of “sunbathing” for both sides, the flower will look the most effective. It is also worth knowing about the periods of transplanting an ampel plant. Thus, the plant must be transplanted every year in the spring period. Widely known types of ampel succulents:
Sedum (Sedum) – Eyebright
There are over six hundred species of this plant. Grow purification both at home and in the garden. Has a variety of shapes and colors of leaves. Some sedums are ampelle. Common home species of sedum: Morgan, Weinberg, Zibold, multileaf, beautiful purification and others.
More than 100 species of this plant are known to grow in natural conditions. Stems can reach up to half a meter in length. Blossoms in summer and autumn. Flowers are bright orange or pink. Houses most often grow lamplintus: deltoid, orange, gorgeous and others.
It belongs to the Portulakov family. Has a wicker stem with fleshy leaves semitrically located on the shoots. Blossoms with pink inflorescences. Loves watering, and well-lit rooms. Wonderfully sprawled. Homemade otters Anacampseros: Alston, paper-like, felt, Campton, lanceolate.
Perennial herbaceous ampel succulent. Has a shortened tuber-shaped rhizome. Has small fleshy ovoid-shaped leaves. Escapes long melted. Has sinus flowers, flowering throughout the year. Common species grown at home – Zeropegia africa, Barclay, Wood, Sanderson, steppe-shaped.
Succulent or lithops stones are gaining popularity among plants kept in the house. The lithops “Living Stones” come from the African desert, as the succulent plants are called in the form of stones. There are many species and subspecies of these plants. Thanks to the breeders’ work, new species of this delightful plant appear every year. So, today there are 30 species and 60 subspecies of “living stones,” which have already become popular in many countries. This plant is quite unpretentious. Lithops successfully take root in various conditions.
The peculiarity of this plant is not only its ambiguous appearance, but also its structure. Thus, the plant has no stem and is located on two thick, fused leaves with a small cleft. The cleft is used for growth of root and flower. The differences are also made up of varieties of color of the plant, which are quite a lot.
There are the main varieties of lithops
Marble lithops: They differ in the gray-green color of leaves with a dark pattern;
Leslie: Leslie lithops are distinguished by the color brown in mottle, as well as yellow or white flower with a pleasant fragrance;
Beautiful lithops: They differ in leaves with yellow-brown color and white flowers.
Plants are unpretentious, but there are special requirements for the conservation of flowers. It is necessary to keep the plant in a dry room at room temperature, the presence of light is also very important for plant growth. Succulent stones are quite popular not only among gardeners, but also among amateurs. However, there are also succulents in the form of a tree, not inferior in popularity among gardeners and fans of exoticism and plants.
Succulents are a tree
Unusual and spectacular look succulents in the form of trees. Some of them even became symbols, for example, a money tree, which you can grow at home on your own, or buy a ready-made plant of appropriate size. Like all types of succulents, the trees of this species are quite fertile and multiply under normal conditions.
There are two main ways to multiply a succulent tree:
1. With the help of seeds
2. With the use of cuttings
For full growth and development of the tree, it is necessary to follow the basic rules:
The succulent tree likes sunlight. In winter, many gardeners actively use photolamps, which allow the tree to fill the need for ultraviolet rays;
Temperature plays an important role in forming a tree. An optimal temperature, not exceeding 25 degrees indoors, is required.
A succulent tree can live a long time with optimal and proper care.
Succulents are a fairly extensive type of vegetation, with many species of flowering plants and trees. Plants of this species are famous not only for their exquisite beauty, but also for their adaptation to almost any climatic conditions and easy maintenance. Most often grown at home:
It is a small tree or bush. It grows slowly, has a fleshy trunk with a thickening at the bottom (caudex) and branchy stems. Flower growers love for its unusual appearance and beautiful flowering. Adenium juice is poisonous. At home grow such species as desiccant, mini, multicolor, anuk.
Crassula – Fat or Money Tree
Pretty unpretentious plant, so it is very popular. In total, there are more than three hundred species. It is believed that in the house where the fat woman grows will reign of peace and prosperity. The most common species grown at home are: oval, planiform, tetrahedral.
Plants of this genus can be both herbaceous and succulent. At home, grow Dorstenia stink and Dorstenia antidote. The juice of this plant is poisonous and has an unpleasant smell. In natural conditions, these tree succulents reach up to 5 meters in height.
A representative of the fatty family. People call it the Tree of Love. A small tree bush. Leaves are fleshy, oval covered with fine nap. Flowers are bright yellow, blooming abundantly dense inflorescences.