Cactus

13 Things you Probably didn’t Know About Cacti

Thanks to their shape, their size and their impressive flowers, cacti make a very rich house plant. As no two cacti are identical, this house plant is a unique way to decorate your living space and make it interesting, whether on a windowsill or on a shelf.

The name Cactus (official name Cactaceae) comes from the Greek word “kaktos”, meaning “prickly plant”. Cactus or cactus are native to North and South America (which is large and concentrated in Mexico) and are generally found in areas that suffer from drought. They are perfectly adapted to extreme heat and desert environments, which means that they will certainly survive in hot and dry environments with central heating.

For plant lovers, the cactus is perfect for those with less flexible fingers, as it requires only moderate watering – in fact, it’s better underwater than on top.

Although it grows slowly, the cactus plant is fairly self-sufficient because it stores water in its roots, leaves and stems, largely regulating its own food supply. Cacti like light, airy and warm places – but not too much, about 18°C is ideal – and tolerate direct sunlight well.

Find out why these beautiful houseplants are more than just thorns!

1. Are cacti indestructible?
No, if you’ve ever killed a cactus, you’re not alone. The easiest way is to over-water, underwater, and use the wrong compound. Ordinary compost pots retain water well, which is a huge advantage for most plants, but not for cacti, which need good drainage. If you want them to survive, it is best to use special cactus soil instead.

2. What is the best place to put cacti in your home?
Cacti can tolerate warm, sunny places in the summer, even if they are outside on a balcony or terrace. But in winter, the area should be cooler and brighter.

3. Does the cactus bloom?
All cacti are flowering plants, but some are more prominent and others, such as Mamilaria, Gymnocalycium and Parodia, are easy to bloom and of impressive color.

4. How to make a cactus bloom
Cactuses flower when they are in full growth, so if your plant stays there year after year without changing, the chances that it will flower are slim. What you need to do is allow the plant to follow its natural growth cycle. It should hibernate in winter and wake up in spring. So in winter, keep it in a dry, cold place – but not in a dark place – and stop watering it all together. Give it as much sunshine as possible in the spring and start watering it.

5. How often should you water a cactus?
It’s best to water more in the spring and summer and less in the winter. Remember to avoid over-watering. It is best to let the soil dry out a little before watering the plant.

6. Types of cacti. What is the most common variety?
The most popular varieties are the thorny cactus, iron cactus, cockscomb, oxalid and amaranth.

7. What is the best variety for beginners?
Lunar cacti (Gymnocalycium) have very colorful tips that are often red or yellow. They are not flowers, so they have colors all year round. Hare’s ear cacti (Opuntia), also called polka-dot cacti, have spots of golden hair on a green background, giving them a modern, geometric look. And the prickly pine cacti (Mammillaria) are easy to grow and have beautiful little pink flowers.

8. How do I take care of my cactus: what is the best way to treat it?
Careful! Wear very thick gloves or use a folded newspaper to roll the tip. If it gets stuck by a nail, you can use tweezers to remove the big ear. Remove small nails by putting tape on them and peeling them off, or by rolling an old pair of pantyhose into a ball and rubbing them quickly on top. The last prick should be treated with olive oil, which suggests that the plant

9. What calamity should you beware of?
Check that your cactus is free of moths in the plant itself (the body) and in the root system. The woolly white waxy mantle with oval shaped insects inside is one of the most common parasites on cacti and can be difficult to eliminate. Red mites (eight-legged insects that weave a thin web around the plant), aphids, mealybugs and thrips may also be present. Also check the roots for damage and damage. If the cactus is kept moist for too long, it can suffer from “out of pot” rot, which is also caused by fungi and bacteria. The green part – the stem itself – can be soft to the touch.

10. Are all cacti prickly?
No, cacti are generally considered to be desert cacti, but there are also hairless forest cacti, but please note that there are fewer houseplants.

11. How long does a cactus plant live?
In nature, cacti can live for hundreds of years. Indoors, they can survive for 10 years or more. The problem with older cacti is that every blow, scratch or stain they receive stays with them, so they become less attractive as they age.

12. Is a cactus the same as a succulent cactus?
All cacti are succulent, but not all succulent cacti are cacti”. Like many other succulent plants, cacti are succulent – able to store water in their stems and have thick, fleshy stems. They are used to compensate for drought. One difference, however, is that a cactus is “defined by the presence of the areola (the specialized part where bones form), whereas a succulent does not.

13 What is a Christmas cactus? And what is the difference?
The Christmas cactus is a popular Christmas plant for the holidays. The Brazilian coastal plant is known as an epiphyte and grows on other plants, trees or rocks, and there are two species, Schlumbergera truncata and S. buckleyi. The Christmas cactus blooms for about two months, from late November to late January, and produces many small red, white, yellow, pink and purple flower buds that appear throughout the Christmas season.

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